PARTIES TO AN OFFENCE

Who are The Parties to An Offence?

This is a situation in which two or more parties form a common intention to carry out a criminal act. The degree of their participation might vary but the law would hold them jointly and severally liable for the commission of the crime.¬† The law regards all of them as partners in the crime as encapsulated in the maxim “particeps criminis“.

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ACTUS REUS (The Physical Element of An Offence)

What is Actus Reus

Actus reus may consist of an act, omission, a passive state of affairs or an initial act and/or some other factor. The actus reus of an offence is the external manifestation of human conduct that results in a forbidden act. It is simply the whole definition of a crime excluding the mental element.

Categories of Actus Reus

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